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Publications of English

Poster : Canal Blocking

Canal Blocking has many benefits :

  • Restoration of 'wet' peat characteristics and reduction of fire
  • Return of the carbon sequestering capacity of peatland
  • Re-establishment of the water buffer fucntion and a reduction of floads
  • Opportunity to plant economically viable species like Jelutung for rubber and Tengkawang (illevenut) for edible oil production; it opens also possibilities for different forms of aquaqulture
  • return of original biodiversity that is opten unique to peat swamp forest 


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A Review of Migratory Bird Flyways and Priorities for Management

The phenomenon of bird migration has been a source of wonder for man since time immemorial. However, the biological integrity of this intricate seasonal journey, which covers a network of several biomes across different frontiers and continents, is being compromised due to a plethora of threats and challenges, and consequently the vulnerability of migratory birds is increasing worldwide. A Review of Migratory Bird Flyways and Priorities for Management is an exhaustive work which addresses the issue of conservation of migratory birds and their habitats with a comprehensive approach touching on core thematic areas. It provides a review of existing legal and cooperative international frameworks, an update of the status of our knowledge on migratory species and options for development of new policy directions to achieve their conservation. This review is the result of close collaboration between Wetlands international, BirdLife International and the CMS Secretariat, the CMS Flyways Working Group and a number of experts.

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Next steps for RSPO in relation to peatlands

The new RSPO (April 2013) Principles and Criteria (P&C) require the avoidance of new plantation
developments on peatlands and provide important guidance for addressing the issues related to
the production of palm oil on peat. The new P&C acknowledge that drainage of peatlands results in greenhouse gas emissions and peat soil subsidence, which in turn create fl ooding problems. The new requirements constitute a major step forward in the development of sustainable palm oil. 

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Subsidence of peat soils in South-East Asia – Flooding risks in Sarawak

This paper presents the case study of the Rajang Delta in Sarawak, Malaysia where peatland subsidence will cause flooding, rendering 50% and 67% of the land unsuitable for palm oil cultivation after 25 and 50 years respectively. This is 3 to 4 times the size of Singapore.

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Mangroves for coastal defence

The role of mangroves in protecting our coasts against natural hazards such as storms, tsunamis
and coastal erosion has been widely acknowledged. Even so, the level of protection provided by
mangroves remains subject to debate. Numerous mangrove restoration projects were instigated
after the 2004 East Asian tsunami in the belief that replacing lost mangroves would reduce future
risk, but others raised concerns that not all of these projects were well conceived, and that some
might create greater risks by inducing a false sense of security. Can mangroves reduce waves
and storm surges? How will they influence the forces of a tsunami? Do they actually contribute
to stabilizing coasts and build-up of soils? Can they keep up with sea level rise?

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